Several states across the U.S. are providing legislative protections for health care providers and some other businesses against COVID-19-related liability claims, in the absence of any federal action on the matter.
The aim of these laws is to prevent a stream of lawsuits regarding COVID-19 related risks – lawsuits, by individuals seeking damages because they (or a loved one) allegedly contracted COVID-19 when on the organization's premises, that could bankrupt a business.
Currently, the following states have enacted some type of COVID-19 liability shield legislation: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
The laws vary from state-to-state, causing multi-state organizations to be subject to more than one. Diane Wagner "Georgia businesses get COVID-19 liability shield" northwestgeorgianews.com (Aug. 05, 2020); Jason Hall "Tennessee House, Senate passes COVID-19 Recovery Act" newschannel9.com (Aug. 12, 2020).